The Scriptures on Jesus’ Humanity and Divinity

Paul Copan in Contending With Christianity’s Critiques book (Edited by Copan and Craig).

Here is what I found regarding Copan’s summarized take on the Scriptures on Jesus’ Humanity and Divinity:

  • every knee will bow to Yahweh (Isa 45:23; to Jesus in Phil 2:10)
  • to call on the name of Yahweh brings salvation (Joel 2:31-32; cf. the name of Jesus in Acts 2:20-21; Rom 10:13);
  • a forerunner prepares the way for Yahweh (Isa 40:3; for Jesus in Matt 3:3);
  • Yahweh is my shepherd (Ps 23:1; the shepherd is Jesus in John 10:11);
  • Isaiah sees Yahweh’s glory (Isa 6:1-5,10); Jesus’ glory in John 12:41);
  • Yahweh is the first and the last (Isa 44:6; 48:12, 51:12; the first and the last is Jesus in Rev 1:1; 2:8; 22:13).

He also provides this wonderful insight:

“Jesus takes on divine prerogatives; that is He assumes the role and authority typically taken by Yahweh. He FORGIVES SIN, not only displacing the temple but assuming God’s authoritative domain (Mark 2:5, 7). He’s the JUDGE of the world (Matt 25:31-46; 2 Cor 5:10). He is PRAYED TO (Acts 7:59-60; 1 Cor 16:22; 2 Cor 12:9) and He receives WORSHIP (John 20:28, where He is called “My Lord and my God!”). He calls himself the “Son of Man”–the exalted figure of Daniel 7 who shares authority with the Ancient of Days (Mark 14:62). He is explicitly called “GOD” (John 1:1, 18, 20:28, Acts 20:28, Rom 9:5, Titus 2:13, He 1:8, 2 Pet 1:1, 1 John 5:20).

A helpful acrostic that summarizes the various aspects of Jesus’ deity is H-A-N-D-S: Jesus shares in the HONORS due to God, the ATTRIBUTES of God, the NAMES of God, the DEEDS of God, and the SEAT of God’s throne.” (p 221).

Add to this C. S. Lewis’ trilemma (he’s either liar, lunatic, or lord), and the above provided scriptural arguments, and I would say you absolutely can defend it from scripture. The burden of proof really is on the JW to show otherwise.


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