DISCUSSION: Parallels between Luke 15 & Ezekiel 16, and between Ruth, Proverbs, and Psalms (the Son)


Now I’ve noticed from my study of scripture that Jesus has a way of pointing us to texts in Scripture that speak heavily of his purpose, suffering, etc. When he soulds ‘my god my god why have you forsaken me’, he’s calling us to the beginning of Ps 22, which is a Messianic Psalm.




Remember, no chapter numbers or verses. These individuals simply had the books memorized, so to draw to a piece of scripture, well known themes or repetitions were used.




I discovered that Luke 15 must be drawn from Ezekiel 16, on the basis of 6 direct literary parallels in a condensed grouping of text.

With Lk 15 and those key phrases in mind, read through Eze 16:1-14

Tell me when you’re done.




Did you see anything?


God putting find clothing and jewelry on one who was once destitute

giving them the status of royalty



Now watch the direct literary parallels.


(1) FIELDS (a VERY important OT literary device): “Who sent him into his fields…” (Lk 15:15), and “You were thrown out into the open field,” (Eze 16:5). Fields represents the wilderness, or the east, or outside the Garden. Lostness.


(2) ROBE (Jesus dresses us in robes of righteousness, Rev, In Gen it says the Messiah “washes his clothes in wine, and his robes in the blood of the grapes”): “Bring out the best robe and put it on him.” (Lk 15:22), and “Spread the edge of My garment over you,” (Ez 16:8)

(3) DEAD AND ALIVE: “This son of mine was dead and is alive again.” (Lk 15:24), and “I said to you [as you lay] in your blood: Live!” (Ez 16:6)

(4) SANDALS: “And sandals on his feet.” (Lk 15:22), and “provided you with leather sandals.” (Ez 16:10)

(5) RING: “Put a ring on his finger.” (Lk 15:22), and “I adorned you with jewlery… I put a ring in your nose.” (Ez 16:12)

(6) FEAST: “Let’s celebrate with a feast!” (Lk 15:23), and “You ate fine flour, honey, and oil.” (Ez 16:13)

We have 6 direct literary parallels: (1) FIELDS, (2) ROBE, (3) DEAD TO LIFE, (4) SANDALS, (5) RING, AND (6) FEAST.




Now if this wasn’t interesting enough, the theological themes and moral story are also the same: God’s grace and redemption. Also there is the element of the adulterous woman rejecting it, and the older brother rejecting it.

We could also add a 7th parallal, which is that both are about siblings (older son, sister of Judah).





So a lot of times when we read Scripture, and see something like ‘ring, robe, sandals,’ instead of asking “what does that mean in their culture?” We should be asking “Where is that in scripture?” This was exactually what my Prof was advocating

But there is more.

There is already immense value in knowing Luke’s prodigal son is building on this Ezekiel passage (hardly are we ever told this in church, diminishing OT linkage), and there is personal value in observing the response of the adulterous woman and the older brother regarding God’s grace.

However the question becomes: Why is Jesus echoing this passage? Why alluding to it?

I read through it and found the end.




I told you Jesus had a tendency to call us to OT passages with clearly messianic tones.

(And btw, those terms have other linkages, such as sandals and asking Moses at the burning bush in Ex 3 to remove his).


The covenant? 59-63



Very important term in scripture: “Everylasting covenant”

You find that and you better stop!

Gen 3:15 had that covenant with Eve




you find it all over the OT. Everlasting covenant with Abraham, his descendents, etc.

Now here is the gold:




“I will establish an everlasting covenant with you… I will establish My covenant with you, and you will know that I am the LORD, so that when I make ATONEMENT for all you have done, you will remember and be ashamed, and never open your mouth again because of your disgrace.”


yes I caught that when I read it and recognized it


God will make atonement eh?

There’s one more piece.




But we already see the important here: alluding to this everlasting covenant, the story being about grace. Jesus. Bam.

That language of shame, etc.

It alludes to another messianic passage

Zch 12:10


lol Bam. k



It’s about Mourning for the Pierced One.

“Then I will pour out a spirit of grace and prayer on the house of David and the residents of Jerusalem, and they will look at me whom they pierced. They will mourn for Him as one mourns for an only child and weep bitterly for Him as one weeps for a firstborn.”

“The land will mourn…”

Mmm, more Jesus!


and shame language

well, similar anyway


Here Jesus is not only bringing us wonderful teaching about grace and forgiveness in the prodigal son, but we miss so much if we just stop there!

If we wrestle, look what we find!

We find linkages to what he’s basing it off of

That immediately leads us to investigate

We find at the end of that Eze story messianic prophecy. Jesus telling us how to read these scriptures to bring us unto salvation in faith in Him.

Then at the end we find even more inner-biblical linkages with another prophet with clear messianic tones matching the end of Eze 16.

That’s how we need to be reading the Bible!

And I just found all that stuff sitting in class while my prof and a student had their exchange


as the Word of One author?


Imagine a whole lifetime wrestling with the text.

Well the Canon itself has one author, the Holy Spirit.

But the Canon is built to have that Scopos.

It’s built, as I’m really learning, to fit.

The books fit so well together

An example being Proverbs 31

It’s not simply about a good wife.

It’s about Ruth!!!

That’s why Ruth follows Proverbs in the Hebrew Bible.


lol yeah I remember now


And what’s important about Ruth?


not so in ourough

in ours though*


After the whole redeemer storyline where Boaz is trying to be her redeemer, we find the REAL focus of the text!


lol redeemer is make, he redeems his wife


sorry lol, just saw Boaz as Christ and Ruth as the church


First, notice that Proverbs 31 is about a Son, Lemuel “What, my Son? What, son of my womb, What, son of my vows?” (Pr 31). Notice “Her husband is known at the city gates [Ruth 3:11, see gates])” Ps 31:23

Yeah, but it’s not about Boaz as a type of Christ.


Listen closely

this is so cool.

This shows you how absolutely brillant are the way the books were written.


didn’t say he was a type of christ per se, just that one little parallel



You have to search for these themes. We find an inclusio in Proverbs and Psalms that tell you what they’re about:

Psalm 2: “Pay homage to the Son, or He will be angry.”

Psalm 2: “He said to Me, “You are My Son”

Pro 31: “What, my son? … son … son…”

Then we get to Ruth. All three are following eachother in the Hebrew text.

Would we be suprised, given Gen 3:15 is focusing on the ‘Seed’ of Eve that will come and destroy satan, and that from Abraham will come the descendent to bring the everlasting covenant, that we would find a focus on the Son i Ruth?


Look what happens:


“The redeemer replied, ‘I can’t redeem it myself, or I will ruin my [own] inheritance [literally, ruin my own son]. Take my right of redemption, because I can’t redeem it.” Ru 4:6. There focus here is on Naomi’s inheritance, a son.

“The elders and all the people who were at the gate said…” Rth 4:11 (Sound familiar?)




“May the LORD make the woman who is entering you house like Rachel and Leah, who together built the house of Israel.” (Interesting names! Think of that blessed descendents)

“May your house become like the house of Perez, the son Tamar bore to Judah, because of the offspring the LORD will give you by this young woman.”

In other words, notice the focus here is on the promise of a Son.

But it continues!


lol k


“Praise the LORD, who has not left you without a family redeemer today. May his name e famous in Israel. He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age.”

You’d think that’s Boaz, huh?



its ruth’s son


“Indeed, your daughter-in-law, who loves you and is better to you than seven sons, has given birth to HIM… “The neighbor women said, “A SON has been born to Naomi.”

And then that son Obed fathers Jesse, who fathers David.

But wow!

The redeemer is not Boaz!

He simply is used to insure the inheritance. The name.

The redeemer is this Son, who will renew your life and sustain you in old age.

This smacks us with the Son focus of Pro 31 (Lemuel)

And then the Son King figure in Ps 2

And then those references to Rachel and Leah: A son focus.

Gen 3:15, the SEED of Eve.

The books fit so well, and THATS JUST THE BEGINNING!

You read my Old Testament notes on just Ruth and how it has intertextuality with the other books, and your mind will be blown.

Cool stuff huh?


yes and

yes. and.


Why didn’t they teach us this stuff in church!


not commonly known?

unique niche of textual knowledge?


Perhaps. I found that Eze Lk thing.

Some of the other stuff my professors showed me

Its coming from Canonical Criticism, and Evangelical Scholarship


can we draw such parallels with every other parable?


problem is you don’t find secular schools teaching Evangelical Scholarship, given we approach the bible and read it as Christians

I don’t know

I wouldn’t think so, given some could simply be completely new

But who knows!




We might as well keep it in mind as we dig through out OT!

I mean, when I found that, I was like WOW!

This is so cool!

Look what I found!

This is the Word!


lol amen, another gem in the treasure




i’m gonna share this btw


And don’t ever get me started on Genesis.

I can go on forever!


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