Some random Facebook thoughts to a friend regarding my morning finds. They specifically focus on the Divine Trinitarian status of Jesus. They randomly acknowledge passages that quote Old Testament passages referencing works of YHWH (the LORD) and attribute them to Jesus. After sharing several of these finds, I began to think of the Person of Jesus as described in various Old Testament passages. The motifs of the promised seed of eve (Gn 3:15), the promised Lamb (Gn 22), the King consecrated on Mt. Zion (Ps 2), the Son (Ps 2), the Suffering Servant and sacrificial Lamb (Is 53), the propitiary lamb of Abel/the Passover/The Day of Atonement, the promised son and redeemer in Ruth, and the list goes on:
I don’t remember if I shared this earlier when I made my way through 1 Corinthians.
In the prayer of thanksgiving in chapter 1:4-9, Paul already makes a strong case for jesus’ divinity.
“He will also confirm you to the end, blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.” 1 Cor 1:8.
The ‘day of the LORD/YHWH” in the OT is connected to god’s day of judgment. This term is echoed here in Paul’s letter, yet the ‘end’ and judgment is associated with the return of Jesus.
‘Day of the LORD [YHWH]’, judgment
‘Day of our Lord Jesus Christ,” judgment
Would then appear this term Lord throughout the letter is not simply a sign of authority, but a claim of divinity.
“yet for us there is one God, the Father… And one Lord, Jesus Christ,” 1 Cor 8:6
Compared with the Shema of Dt 6:4. “The LORD our God, the LORD is One,”
Compared with 1 Cor 16:22. “if anyone does not love the lord, a curse be on him.”
Then see 1 Pt 3:15 and Is 8:13.
I’m compiling a list and placing it in the margin as a cross reference system in 1 Cor 8:6.
Also don’t forget Rm 9:5, “came the Messiah, who is God over all”
“The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one LORD, and his name the only name.”
Especially so when we meditate on the King figure of Ps 1-3. The one who God will consecrate as His king on Mount Zion. The one who perfectly follows his will according to Ps 1. The kingly figure in Ps 3 that ‘lies down and sleeps’ when surrounded by his enemies, yet is answered from His holy mountain, and ‘wakes up because the LORD sustains him,” (Ps 3:4-5).
The LORD’s mountain itself then brings images of Genesis’ 22, and talk of the promised Lamb who will be provided on the LORD’s mountain (22:14). From this Lamb, provided by God, “all he nations of the earth will be blessed by your OFFSPRING because you have obeyed my command,” (22:18).
Offspring itself is loaded. Think of the word seed/offspring as a motif. The SEED of Eve will crush the head of the serpent (Gn 3:15, Mt 4). From the OFFSPRING of Ruth would come the blessed one. “He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age,” (Ru 4:15). Boaz is not the redeemer, the son is.
Even in Ruth is this focus of a son. A promised son plays much relevance as a motif as well. Remember Abraham. Remember the promise of the ‘offspring,’ which recalls the promised ‘seed’ of Eve that will triumph the serpent.
All this seed/offspring, king, son, lamb language point towards the Christ, who is Jesus.
Jesus thus comes and is masked in divine terms. The very name of God is Holy (Exod 20:7, Ps 8:1, Ps 34:3). “O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth!.”
Yet this name is attributed to Christ Jesus? The Son of God? The Messianic SEED/OFFSPRING? The Davidic King who gets consecrated on the LORD’s mountain ala Isa 53 and the Passion Crucifixion accounts? The Lamb promised to Abraham sacrificed on the LORD’s mountain? The King so consecrated? The one in whom we kiss and are blessed?
And this Lamb takes the very name of Lord? He is the fullness of God’s glory? God dwells fully in Him? Everything was created through and for him?
“My Lord and my God!”