PDF copy of the essay: THE6120 Doctrinal Summary – Christology
FAL2011: DOCTRINAL SUMMARY
Leonard O Goenaga
I. On the Triune God
Before all began, God was. Out of nothing, God Almighty brought forth all things seen and unseen (Gen 1:1-3). There are no other gods before, behind, below, or above Him (Isa 44:6). He is the One and only Living God (Jer 10:10). His Name is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matt 28:19). He is a Perfect Triunity of Persons indwelling in One Essence (1 John 5:7; 2 Cor 13:14; Jer 10:10; Isa 48:12). In God is One Perfect Being of Three Distinct Persons (Matt 3:16-17). In God is all perfection of power, knowledge, goodness, freedom, truth, and justice (Job 11:7; Ps 90:2; Ps 115:3). In God are true life, grace, mercy, love, holiness, forgiveness, and judgment (Ex 34:7; John 5:26; Acts 7:2; Ps 119:68). God is the Creator, and all else the Created (Gen 1:1-3). God is the Sovereign, and all else the Subject (Gen 17:1; Rev 4:8). God is to be obeyed and worshipped, and all else is to be obedient and awestruck (Rev 5:12-14).
II. On the Person of Christ Jesus
In Jesus Christ is found the Son of God as the Davidic Messianic King, our rescuer and redeemer through His blood (Ps 2:6; Luke 1:33; Eph 1:22, 23). In Him is found the Sinless Sacrificial Lamb, Fully Man and Fully God, who is our substitutionary atonement for sins (Rev 5:12, John 17:6; Rom 8:30, Rom 8:3). In Him only is found the great High Priest and Prophet, our advocate and hope for eternal communion with God (Isa 42:1; 1 Peter 1:19, 20; Acts 3:22; Heb 5:5, 6). He was conceived by the power of the Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary (Matt 1:22, 23). He was tortured, crucified, and killed under Pontius Pilate (Acts 13:37). He rose bodily from death, ascended into heaven, and petitions the Father as our High Priest, Intercessor, and Hope (Rom 8:34).
III. On the Divinity and Humanity of Christ Jesus
In Jesus Christ two natures in one person is evident. In his forgiving of sin (Mark 2:5, 7), in his position as judge of the world (Matt 25:31-46), and in his reception of prayer and worship (John 20:28), his divinity is clearly seen. Furthermore, he not only shares in the deeds and attributes of God, but is also explicitly called “God” (John 1:1, 18, 20:28; Acts 20:28; Rom 9:5; Titus 2:13; Heb 1:8; 2 Pet 1:1; 1 John 5:20). In his birth of a virgin woman (Matt 1:22), in his experience of true temptation (Heb 2:18; 4:15-16), and in his various earthly sufferings, his humanity is clearly seen. His hypostatic union is fully God and fully Man, yet one in person. The necessity of His deity is evidenced in the need of God to survive, satisfy, and meet God’s wrath. The necessity of His humanity is evidenced in the reality that man must pay the penalty for man (Rom 5:18; Heb 2:17), that only the Christ could live in full obedience of the law, and only could the Son in human flesh obey on our behalf (Rom 5:19).
IV. On the Temptation of Christ Jesus
In Jesus Christ true temptation was experienced (Heb 2:18, 4:15-16; Matt 26:36-46). Such temptations did not require that he have a sinful nature, and instead Jesus never succumbed to any temptations (Rom 8:3; 1 Cor 5:21). Christ succeeded in winning over temptation where Adam and Eve failed, and although he experienced real temptation, he would not sin (Gen 3:6; Luke 4:1-13; 1 John 2:16).
V. On the Atonement of Christ Jesus
In Jesus Christ’s salvific work on the Cross, as presupposed by his divinity and perfect humanity, atonement for sin is found. He has offered himself as a sacrifice, taking the punishment that was due to humanity for its rebellion (Mark 10:45). The sacrificial lamb was offered as a substitution, propitiating God’s Holy wrath against the wicked (1 Peter 2:24). Through this wondrous work, enmity with God was corrected, and reconciliation with the Cosmic Creator attained (Rom 5:10). Not only was man’s place and punishment taken by Christ, and man’s relationship with God reconciled, but those who come to Christ in faith are also declared righteous (2 Cor 5:21). Further still, believers are adopted as God’s children, attaining through Christ sonship, complete with its inheritance (1 John 3:1). This act of atonement is extended freely to all, as the Father intends for the entire world to be saved through faith in his Son (John 1:29; John 3:16-17; Titus 2:11; Heb 2:9).
VI. On the Resurrection of Christ Jesus
In Jesus Christ all these claims of his person and work were verified through his resurrection from death. The resurrection vindicated that he is the Son of God (Rom 1:4). The resurrection vindicated that he is Lord and Christ (Act 2:32, 36). The resurrection insured the salvation of believers (1 Cor 15:17-19; Rom 4:25; 1 Peter 1:3). In the resurrection is found man’s eternal hope and objective confirmation of God’s promises.