FAL2011: Doctrinal Summary — Pneumatology

PDF copy of the doctrinal statement: THE6120 Doctrinal Summary – Pneumatology

FAL2011: DOCTRINAL SUMMARY

PNEUMATOLOGY

Leonard O Goenaga

SEBTS, THE6120

Theology II

Dr. Whitfield

I. On the Triune God

On the Trinity: Before all began, God was. Out of nothing, God Almighty brought forth all things seen and unseen (Gen 1:1-3). There are no other gods before, behind, below, or above Him (Isa 44:6). He is the One and only Living God (Jer 10:10). His Name is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matt 28:19). He is a Perfect Tri-unity of Persons indwelling in One Essence (1 John 5:7; 2 Cor 13:14; Jer 10:10; Isa 48:12). In God is One Perfect Being of Three Distinct Persons (Matt 3:16-17). In God is all perfection of power, knowledge, goodness, freedom, truth, and justice (Job 11:7; Ps 90:2; Ps 115:3). In God are true life, grace, mercy, love, holiness, forgiveness, and judgment (Ex 34:7; John 5:26; Acts 7:2; Ps 119:68). God is the Creator, and all else the Created (Gen 1:1-3). God is the Sovereign, and all else the Subject (Gen 17:1; Rev 4:8). God is to be obeyed and worshipped, and all else is to be obedient and awestruck (Rev 5:12-14).

II. On the Person of the Holy Spirit

On Person: The Spirit is the Third Person of the Triune God. He is presented in his triune divinity within Christ’s baptismal formula (Mt 3:16-17), within the Great Commission baptismal formula (Mt 28:18-20), within Paul’s benedictions (2 Co 13:14), and within election (1 Pt 1:2). Like the other persons in the Trinity, He is not a force but a person, and shows intelligence (Jn 14:26), emotions (Ep 4:30), and will (1 Co 12:11). He is also relational (Jn 16:14), and His personality is distinct form His power (Luke 1:35; 4:14; Acts 10:38; Rom. 15:13). He is fully divine, and His divinity is evident in His divine names (Ac 5:3-4; 1 Co 3:16), His divine works (Creation—Gn 1:2; Regeneration—Jn 3:5), and His divine attributes (Omnipotence—Rm 15:19; Omniscience—Rm 11:34; Omnipresence—Ps 139:7-10).

On Personality: The Spirit comes to universalize the teaching and ministry of the Son (Jn 14-16). He serves the Church as our comforter, our encourager, and our advocate (Jn 14:16-26). He both provides the abiding presence of God as well as dwelling within believers (Jn 14:17-18). He is commissioned as “the Spirit of Truth” and serves as our teacher, completing and reinforcing the pedagogical work of Christ (Jn 14:26; 16:12-15). He comes at the request of the Son for the continuation of his ministry (Jn 14:25-27), and proceeds from the Father and Son (Jn 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7; Ac 2:33; 9:31; Rm 8:9-11; Ga 4:6). He also convicts through the hearing of the Gospel the man’s sinful condition, and God’s positional provisional righteousness (Jn 16:10, 11, 19; Ac 2:37; 7:51; Lk 5:8).

III. On the Work of the Holy Spirit

On Work: Through Him is found the power of the Son’s conception (Mt 1:20). He is vehicle of the inspiration of Holy Scripture (2 Pt 1:21). He is the medium of the washing and regeneration of believing Sinners (Tit 3:4-7). He is the seal of our promised eternal inheritance (Eph 1:13). He is our sanctifying instructor and guide (Jn 14:26). He is the empowerment of the Church for Godly living, service, communion, and mission (Ac 1:8).

On Regeneration: Regeneration is the graceful work of God to provide within the believer eternal life through a regenerating rebirth (Ti 3:5; Jn 3:3-8; Ep 2:5; 2 Co 3:6). It is instant and coincidental with conversion (Jn 1:12-13). The Spirit is the agent of regeneration, and accomplishes the work of rebirth through the means of the Spirit-inspired Scriptures (Jm 1:18, 21; 1 Pt 1:23)

On Baptism: Baptism of the Holy Spirit is the grafting of the believer into the Body and Life of Christ (Rm 6:2-5; 1 Co 12:12-13; Ga 3:26-27; Col 2:12). It is promised to all who repent and turn towards God, and occurs at the moment of salvation (Ac 2:38; 1 Co 12:13; Gal. 3:26-27; Rm 8:9).

On Indwelling and Sealing: The indwelling and sealing of the Holy Spirit is the continual presence and promise of the Spirit within the life of the believer (Rm 5:5; 8:9-11). It is the seal, sign, and guarantee of our eternal security (2 Co 1:22; 1 Co 6:19-20; Ep 1:13; 4:30). It is the evidence of salvation, and a down payment of an inaugurated sanctification (Rm 8:9, 16; 2 Tm 2:19).

On Equipping: The equipping of the Holy Spirit is the continual provision through the Spirit and to the believer to serve the Church and the world through the disbursement of spiritual gifts (1 Co 12-14). They are supernatural gifts uniquely and intentionally given to individuals for the purpose of building the Body of Christ and advancing its missional commission (1 Co 12:7, 11, 18-23, 24-26, 31).

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